January 1, 1843: The first installment of Martin Chuzzlewit by Charles Dickens is published this month in London.
January 1, 1843: “The Tell-Tale Heart” by Edgar Allan Poe is published in the inaugural edition of The Pioneer in Boston.
January 1, 1843: Hector Berlioz (39) performs in Hechingen for Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and his court in the Prince’s Concert Room.
January 2, 1843: Der fliegende Holländer, a romantische Oper by Richard Wagner (29) to his own words after Heine, is performed for the first time, at the Dresden Hoftheater, directed by the composer. It receives only four performances.
January 3, 1843: Don Pasquale, a dramma buffo by Gaetano Donizetti (45) to words of Ruffini and the composer after Anelli, is performed for the first time, in the Théâtre-Italien, Paris. The work enjoys a thundering success.
January 5, 1843: Lars Herman Gyllenhaal replaces Carl Törnebladh as Prime Minister for Justice of Sweden.
January 8, 1843: Franz Liszt (31) gives the first of four concerts in Berlin until 18 January. Attending today are King Friedrich Wilhelm IV and Queen Elisabeth.
January 8, 1843: La France musicale reports that King Leopold of Belgium has accepted the dedication of César Franck’s (20) three trios. They may now be published as his Op.1.
January 16, 1843: La part du diable, an opéra comique by Daniel Auber (60) to words of Scribe, is performed for the first time, at the Théâtre Favart, Paris.
January 17, 1843: Fearing that the insistence of his lover, Marie Recio, to sing at all his German concerts is jeopardizing the success of his tour (“she sings like a cat”), Hector Berlioz (39) boards the postal coach in Frankfurt and leaves for Weimar. Marie, however, will catch up with him there.
January 23, 1843: Assistant schoolmaster Anton Bruckner (18) is transferred from Windhaag to much happier and more congenial circumstances, a post at Kronstorf, near Steyr.
February 2, 1843: Richard Wagner (29) is installed as Kapellmeister to the Royal Court of Saxony in Dresden.
February 3, 1843: Friedrich Wieck visits his daughter, Clara Schumann (23), in Leipzig. It is their first meeting since the contentious court battles preceding her marriage in 1840. They begin to effect a reconciliation.
February 6, 1843: Hector Berlioz (39) arrives in Dresden. He meets Richard Wagner (29) who he finds “self-satisfied but warm” and enjoys Rienzi and Der fliegende Holländer. Wagner has written unkind remarks about Berlioz which appear in the Zeitung für die elegante Welt during Berlioz’ stay, but will regret them once he hears Berlioz’ music.
February 6, 1843: The Virginia Minstrels make their New York debut at the Bowery Amphitheatre.
February 9, 1843: Quintet for piano and strings by Robert Schumann (32) is performed publicly for the first time, in Leipzig. See 8 January 1843.
February 11, 1843: I Lombardi alla prima crociata, a dramma lirico by Giuseppe Verdi (29) to words of Solera after Grossi, is performed for the first time, at Teatro alla Scala, Milan. It is a triumph. The audience immediately takes up the nationalistic theme, casting themselves as the Lombards against the Austrians.
February 16, 1843: Forces of the Argentine leader Juan Manuel de Rosas and the Uruguayan Blanco leader Manuel Oribe lay siege to Montevideo. It will last for nine years.
February 17, 1843: British forces defeat Sindis at Miari and then proceed to control the rest of Sind.
February 20, 1843: Either/Or by Søren Kierkegaard is published in Copenhagen.
February 20, 1843: Festspiel zur Feier der Vermählung des Kronprinzen von Hannover und der Prinzessin Marie von Altenburg by Heinrich August Marschner (47) to words of Waterford-Perglass is performed for the first time, in Hannover. The performance takes place two days after the wedding and is well received.
February 27, 1843: Hector Berlioz (39) visits Robert (32) and Clara (23) Schumann at their Leipzig home where he hears some of Robert’s chamber music. Robert is impressed by Berlioz and his music, but Clara finds him unfriendly and insincere.
February 28, 1843: Das Hoffest von Ferrara, a masque by Giacomo Meyerbeer (51) to words of Raupach after Tasso, is performed for the first time, in Berlin. The production features tableaux vivants by members of the court. In appreciation, King Friedrich Wilhelm IV awards the composer the Prussian Gold Medal for Art and Science.
March 3, 1843: The US Congress authorizes the sending of a resident commissioner to China to oversee trade and diplomatic matters. Eventually, Caleb Cushing will be sent.
March 3, 1843: The US Congress approves $30,000 to build a demonstration telegraph line between Washington and Baltimore.
March 9, 1843: Hector Berlioz (39) performs at the Ducal Theatre, Braunschweig. This is his warmest reception in Germany and he will always remember the city affectionately.
March 10, 1843: William Crotch’s (67) anthem for chorus and orchestra The Lord is King is performed for the first time, in Exeter Hall, London.
March 14, 1843: James Douglas of the Hudson’s Bay Company founds a trading post at present Victoria, British Columbia.
March 15, 1843: King Othon I of Greece confers on Gioachino Rossini (51) the Cross of a Knight of the Royal Order of the Savior.
March 15, 1843: Charles VI, an opéra by Fromental Halévy (43) to words of Delavigne and Delavigne, is performed for the first time, at the Paris Opéra. Critics are mostly positive. The public loves it.
March 20, 1843: Giuseppe Verdi (29) departs Milan for Vienna on the first long trip of his life. He hopes to produce Nabucco there.
March 20, 1843: Albert Lortzing (41) becomes musical director of the Tunnel Society in Berlin, a working class group.
March 21, 1843: King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia creates the royal Hof- und Dom-Chor.
March 22, 1843: Hector Berlioz (39) performs at the Municipal Theatre, Hamburg. He is very pleased with the outcome.
March 24, 1843: British troops attack a force of Baluchis four times their size at Dubba and defeat them. This will allow Britain to annex Sind. The action is known as the Battle of Hyderabad.
March 24, 1843: William S. Henson and John Stringfellow file articles of incorporation in London for the first air transport company, the Aerial Transit Company. It will eventually fail.
March 25, 1843: A tunnel underneath the Thames River connecting Rotherhithe and Wapping opens to the public.
April 1, 1843: Past and Present by Thomas Carlyle is published early this month in London.
April 2, 1843: Le Moine bourru ou les Deux Poltrons, a duo bouffe by Jacob (Jacques) Offenbach (23) to words of Plouvier, is performed for the first time, in Salle Herz, Paris.
April 3, 1843: Leipzig Conservatory opens for business. The man chiefly responsible for its existence, Felix Mendelssohn (34), is an instructor.
April 3, 1843: This is the date determined by the followers of New York farmer, and eccentric eschatologist, William Miller for the end of the world. When the world does not end, the Millerites concoct revised dates. Coincidentally, over the last month, the sky has been filled by the Great Comet of 1843.
April 4, 1843: Kirchliche Fest-Ouvertüre über den Choral “Ein feste Burg is unser Gott” op.31 for chorus, orchestra, and organ by Otto Nicolai (32) is performed for the first time, in Leipzig.
April 5, 1843: The first volume of Modern Painters by John Ruskin is published.
April 11, 1843: The British Parliament separates Gambia from Sierra Leone as a Crown Colony.
April 23, 1843: Hector Berlioz (39) performs in Berlin at the Royal Opera House. King Friedrich Wilhelm IV is deeply moved by Roméo et Juliette and goes backstage to meet the composer and ask for a momento. Berlioz presents him with a manuscript copy of Fête chez Capulet.
April 25, 1843: A second child is born to Robert (32) and Clara (23) Schumann. She is named Elise.
May 2, 1843: Amidst much ceremony, a rail line is inaugurated between Paris and Orléans.
May 2, 1843: American settlers meeting at Champoeg vote to create a provisional government for the Oregon Territory.
May 3, 1843: Amidst much ceremony, a rail line is inaugurated between Paris and Rouen.
May 9, 1843: Joaquín María López López replaces José Ramón Rodil y Gallosa as Prime Minister of Spain.
May 10, 1843: Angélique et Médor, an opéra comique by Ambroise Thomas (31) to words of Sauvage, is performed for the first time, at the Théâtre Favart, Paris.
May 12, 1843: British administration takes over the Boer republic of Natalia.
May 15, 1843: The ecclesiastical consistory in St. Petersburg dismisses the divorce suit of Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (38).
May 16, 1843: French forces destroy the camp of Abd el-Kader in Algeria. He is not present.
May 17, 1843: At the request of Charles Gounod (24), Felix Mendelssohn (34) performs works of JS Bach (†92) upon the organ in the Thomaskirche, Leipzig for Gounod and other invited guests. Mendelssohn plays for two hours. Gounod will recall, “Great shivers ran down my spine, and every time I think of it I seem to feel those shivers again.” (Little, 70)
May 18, 1843: At the Church of St. Andrew in Edinburgh, almost 200 members leave the Church of Scotland General Assembly to Tanfield Hall where they hold the Disruption Assembly and create the Free Church of Scotland.
May 19, 1843: Alvaro Gómez Becera replaces Joaquín María López López as Prime Minister of Spain.
May 22, 1843: Frédéric Chopin (33) and George Sand leave Paris for another summer at her chateau Nohant in Berry.
May 22, 1843: Johann Mockel Mathieux (32) marries Gottfried Kinkel, poet and art historian, in Kinkel’s apartment in the Poppelsdorf Palace, Bonn.
May 22, 1843: One thousand settlers in over 100 wagons leave Independence, Missouri for Oregon, a distance of some 2,500 km.
May 23, 1843: Pronunciamentos against the regent Espartero spread throughout Andalusia.
May 27, 1843: Gioachino Rossini (51) and his mistress Olympe Pélissier arrive in Paris where he will receive medical treatment.
May 28, 1843: Noah Webster dies in New Haven at the age of 84.
June 1, 1843: Henry Fox Talbot receives a second British patent for his calotype photographic process. An improvement over the 1841 process, it creates a negative which will allow for the printing of photographs in books.
June 2, 1843: In Manchester, Great Britain, Dr. James Braid writes the dedication to his book Neurypnology or The rationale of nervous sleep considered in relation with animal magnetism. In it he describes hypnosis, a word he coined in 1841.
June 5, 1843: Gaetano Donizetti’s (45) melodramma tragico Maria di Rohan to words of Cammarano after Lockroy and Badon, is performed for the first time, in the Vienna Kärntnertortheater. The imperial family comes from the country especially for this production. Donizetti writes, “everything went well, everything, everything.”
June 6, 1843: Giuseppe Verdi (29), fresh from Nabucco and I Lombardi, signs a contract to compose a new opera for Teatro La Fenice, Venice. This will be Ernani.
June 7, 1843: Richard Wagner (30) conducts music for the unveiling of a statue of the late Friedrich August I in Dresden, including the premieres of his own Festgesang “Der Tag erscheint” WWV 68 for male chorus to words of CC Hohlfeld and Felix Mendelssohn’s (34) setting of the national anthem of Saxony, Gott segne Sachsenland for male chorus and winds.
June 15, 1843: Edvard Hagerup Grieg is born at 152 Strandgaden in Bergen, Kingdom of Norway, fourth of five children born to Alexander Grieg, a merchant and British consul at Bergen, and Gesine Judith Hagerup, pianist and daughter of a provincial governor and member of parliament.
June 17, 1843: Fighting breaks out when British officials and members of the New Zealand company attempt to serve warrants on Maori leaders at Wairau. 27 people are killed.
June 26, 1843: Hong Kong is created a British crown colony.
June 27, 1843: Moderate leader Ramón Maríade Narváez, Duke of Valencia lands with his allies at Valencia and sets up a provisional government under JM López and Francisco Serrano.
July 5, 1843: American citizens vote to adopt an organic law (constitution) for the Oregon Territory.
July 6, 1843: Das Liebesmahl der Apostel WWV 69 for male chorus and orchestra by Richard Wagner (30) to his own words is performed for the first time, in the Dresden Frauenkirche, conducted by the composer.
July 12, 1843: Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (39) writes to the Synod asking them to reconsider the dismissal of his divorce suit. “In the eyes of society I am the object of unwarranted disgrace, which I must bear, knowing the full measure of my innocence.”
July 12, 1843: Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormons, announces a divine revelation sanctioning polygamy.
July 17, 1843: Seville revolts against the regent Espartero.
July 17, 1843: Eugène Delacroix travels from Paris to Nohant in Berry to be with Frédéric Chopin (33) and George Sand. He has made the trip before, but for the first time he goes from Paris to Orléans by train.
July 19, 1843: The SS Great Britain is launched at Bristol. It is the first iron hulled ship intended for transoceanic service and features a screw propeller. Many consider it the first ocean liner.
July 22, 1843: Sigismond Thalberg (31) marries Francesca Lablache in St. James’ Picadilly, London. She is the daughter of the opera singer Luigi Lablache and the widow of the painter François Bouchot.
July 22, 1843: General Seoane’s Spanish government forces, sent by the liberal Espartero, surrender to Narváez at Torrejón de Ardoz.
July 23, 1843: Joaquín María López López replaces Alvaro Gómez Becera as Prime Minister of Spain.
July 26, 1843: Die Assassinen, a singspiel by Johanna Kinkel (33) to words of her husband Gottfried Kinkel, is performed for the first time.
July 30, 1843: Progressive Spanish regent Joaquín Baldomero Fernández Espartero, conde de Luchana decides against further resistance, and embarks on HMS Malabar at Cádiz.
August 6, 1843: Herr Gott, dich loben wir for solo voices, double chorus, orchestra, and organ by Felix Mendelssohn (34) is performed for the first time, in Berlin Cathedral. The music helps mark the 1,000th anniversary of the founding of the German Reich.
August 8, 1843: Natal is proclaimed a British colony.
August 13, 1843: Victorious Spanish forces strip Baldomero Espartero of all rank, titles, and privileges.
August 15, 1843: Tivoli Gardens opens in Copenhagen. In its first two months it will have 175,000 visitors.
August 17, 1843: James Prescot Joule reads his paper detailing the mechanical equivalent of heat to a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Cork. He is met with silence.
August 18, 1843: Over the night of August 18-19, the Berlin Opera House is destroyed by fire.
August 21, 1843: King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia orders the Berlin Opera House to be rebuilt after its destruction by fire. See 18 August 1843.
August 22, 1843: Queen Victoria gives royal assent to the Theatres Act. This limits the powers of the Lord Chamberlain to forbid the performance of certain plays. It also devolves the licensing of theatres to local authorities.
August 24, 1843: The second part of Simon Mayr’s (80) History of the Oratorio and the Mysteries is read to the Ateneo, Bergamo by its secretary, Abate Salvioni. Mayr is too blind to read it himself.
August 26, 1843: The first typewriter that actually types is patented by Charles Thurber of Norwich, Connecticut. However, with inking done by a roller, it is impractical.
August 28, 1843: Edward Law, Baron Ellenborough, Governor General of India, in council, annexes Sind.
September 2, 1843: An order of the Prussian cabinet ratifies the agreement between King Friedrich Wilhelm and Felix Mendelssohn (34) of 10 July.
September 2, 1843: The first issue of The Economist is published.
September 5, 1843: The USS Princeton is launched at Philadelphia. It is the first warship with a screw propeller instead of a paddle wheel.
September 14, 1843: After the failure of King Othon to secure financial support, (and the removal of Prussian troops) members of the Greek military revolt. The palace is surrounded.
September 14, 1843: Lambert Simnel, an opera by Adolphe Adam (40) to words of Scribe and Mélesville), is performed for the first time, at the Opéra-Comique, Paris.
September 15, 1843: In the face of a military revolt, King Othon of Greece agrees to the calling of a national assembly to draft a constitution, to create a provisional government, to sack all foreigners in his service, and to decorate the leaders of the revolt. Andreas Petrou Metaxas replaces King Othon as Prime Minister.
September 19, 1843: An dem Feste for male chorus by Anton Bruckner (19) to words of Knauer, is performed for the first time, in Enns.
September 21, 1843: The Chilean schooner Ancud arrives at Punta Santa Ana. Crew members go ashore and claim the area and the Strait of Magellan for Chile.
September 26, 1843: The US and Argentina resume diplomatic relations.
October 1, 1843: Richard Wagner (30) and his wife move to an expensive apartment in Dresden at Ostra-Allee 6 where he begins to amass a large collection of literature from all eras, concentrating on German myths. (The building was destroyed in World War II)
October 3, 1843: Bedrich Smetana (19) arrives in Prague, his parents having allowed him to pursue a musical career.
October 4, 1843: Gioachino Rossini (51) and his mistress Olympe Pélissier arrive back in Bologna from Paris, having improved his health greatly and undergoing cures in Paris.
October 5, 1843: Louis and Pauline Viardot (22) depart Paris to travel to St. Petersburg. She has signed a contract with the Imperial Opera for the 1843/1844 season.
October 7, 1843: A great meeting for the Repeal of the Union, planned for the city of Clontarf tomorrow, is banned by Dublin Castle. 3,000 British soldiers arrive in Dublin to prevent the rally. Its main organizer, Daniel O’Connell, calls off the meeting.
October 10, 1843: Ambroise Thomas’ (32) opéra comique Mina, ou Le ménage à trois to words of de Planard is performed for the first time, at the Théâtre Favart, Paris.
October 14, 1843: Incidental music to Shakespeare’s (translated by Tieck) play A Midsummer Night’s Dream by Felix Mendelssohn (34) is performed for the first time, at the Neuer Palais, Potsdam. The overture written by Mendelssohn in 1826 is also performed. It is a great success.
October 14, 1843: In spite of the fact that they called off the Clontarf meeting, Daniel O’Connell and eight other Irish leaders are arrested by the British.
October 16, 1843: Mathematician William Rowan Hamilton discovers the Theory of Quarterions, dissecting three-dimensional space, in Dublin. It is a landmark in the history of mathematics.
October 16, 1843: Søren Kierkegaard publishes Fear and Trembling, Repetition, and Three Edifying Discourses in Copenhagen simultaneously.
October 18, 1843: Franz Liszt (31) gives the first of four concerts in Munich. King Ludwig I and the royal household are in attendance.
October 28, 1843: Frédéric Chopin (33) and Maurice Dudevant (son of George Sand) return to Paris from Nohant in Berry. She wants to remain to attend to her literary and journalistic work.
November 3, 1843: Pauline Viardot (22) gives her first performance with the Imperial Opera in St. Petersburg.
November 8, 1843: Queen Isabella of Spain is declared of age.
November 13, 1843: Barcelona surrenders to Juan Prim after bombardment.
November 13, 1843: Dom Sébastien, roi de Portugal, an opéra by Gaetano Donizetti (45) to words of Scribe after Foucher, is performed for the first time, at the Paris Opéra.
November 13, 1843: Pauline Viardot (22) meets Ivan Sergayevich Turgenev for the first time, in an apartment on Nevsky Prospect, St. Petersburg. He will be an artistic and sexual force in her life for decades.
November 18, 1843: Cello Sonata no.2 op.58 by Felix Mendelssohn (34) is performed for the first time, in Leipzig.
November 18, 1843: Incidental music to Anicet, Bourgeois, and d’Ennery’s play Kaspar Hauser by Stanislaw Moniuszko (24) is performed for the first time, in Minsk.
November 20, 1843: Salustiano de Olózaga y Almandoz replaces Joaquín María López López as Prime Minister of Spain.
November 20, 1843: A Greek national assembly opens to draft a new constitution.
November 28, 1843: Great Britain and France enter into an agreement recognizing the independence of Hawaii. The day will be celebrated in Hawaii as Independence Day.
December 1, 1843: Deuxième Duo sur le Quatuor de “Lucille” de Grétry op.17 for piano four hands by César Franck (20) is performed for the first time, in Liège.
December 2, 1843: The Kisfaludy Society takes over the responsibility of collecting and publishing folk songs from the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
December 3, 1843: A setting of Psalm 24 for chorus by Felix Mendelssohn (34) is performed for the first time, in Berlin.
December 4, 1843: The 28th Congress of the United States convenes in Washington. Whigs continue to control the Senate, although with a reduced majority. Democrats take control of the House of Representatives, by a more than 2-1 margin.
December 4, 1843: Das Paradies und die Peri for solo voices, chorus, and orchestra by Robert Schumann (33) to translated words of Moore is performed for the first time, in Leipzig directed by the composer in his conducting debut. It is so successful that another performance is scheduled for 11 December.
December 5, 1843: Luis González-Bravo López de Arjona replaces Salustiano de Olózaga y Almandoz as Prime Minister of Spain.
December 6, 1843: The Venetian police approve the libretto to Ernani with some changes “in agreement with the poet Francesco Maria Piave.” It will soon be transmitted to Giuseppe Verdi (30) for the composition.
December 6, 1843: A railroad opens between Amsterdam and Utrecht.
December 8, 1843: King Leopold of Belgium confers a gold medal on César Franck (20), renowned as a piano virtuoso.
December 13, 1843: At Thaba Bossi, British representatives sign a treaty with the Chief of the Basutos annexing Basutoland (Lesotho).
December 14, 1843: Three works for piano by Frédéric Chopin (33) are published in Paris: Ballade op.52, Polonaise op.53, and Scherzo op.54.
December 15, 1843: Friedrich Wieck writes a letter to his son-in-law, Robert Schumann (33), inviting the couple to Dresden for a reconciliation.
December 19, 1843: A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens is published.
December 24, 1843: A setting of Psalm 2 for solo voices and chorus by Felix Mendelssohn (34) is performed for the first time, in Berlin along with the first performance of his Frohlocket, ihr Völker for double chorus.
December 25, 1843: Robert (33) and Clara Schumann (24) spend the Christmas season in Dresden at the home of her father. They have effected a temporary reconciliation.
December 26, 1843: The Venice Carnival season begins with a performance of Giuseppe Verdi’s (30) I Lombardi. It is a complete disaster. The audience hates it. “One of the truly classic fiascos”, writes the composer.
December 30, 1843: Gaetano Donizetti (46) arrives in Vienna from Paris. By this time he is taking digitalis on doctor’s orders. His Vienna doctors prescribe baths and applications of boiling mustard to the neck.