A CHRONOLOGICAL VIEW OF WESTERN MUSIC HISTORY IN THE CONTEXT OF WORLD EVENTS

January 1, 1841 – December 31, 1841

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January 1, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) departs Cork after giving three concerts.
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January 2, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) arrives back in Dublin from Cork.
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January 3, 1841: Herman Melville ships out of New Bedford on the maiden voyage of the Acushnet. He will jump ship in the South Pacific and not return until 1844.
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January 5, 1841: The expedition of Captain James Clark Ross, RN enters the Antarctic pack ice, the first ships to do so.
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January 7, 1841: First Opium War:  With a furious bombardment from Royal Navy ships, British troops capture the Chinese fort at Chuenpi (Chuanbi), the outer defenses of Canton (Guangzhou).
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January 8, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) departs Dublin for Limerick.
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January 9, 1841: British explorer James Clark Ross, with his ships Erebus and Terror, reach the Ross Sea.
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January 9, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) arrives in Limerick where he will give two concerts.
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January 9, 1841: Richard Wagner (27) dedicates his arrangement of the vocal score of Gaetano Donizetti’s (43) La Favorita to Giacomo Meyerbeer (49).
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January 11, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) arrives back in Dublin from Limerick.
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January 12, 1841: James Clark Ross and Francis Crozier plant the British flag on Possession Island and claim Victoria Land for Great Britain.
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January 15, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) arrives in Belfast from Dublin where he performs in the evening.
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January 18, 1841: Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier is born at Ambert (at present 4 Avenue Emmanuel Chabrier), Puy-de-Dôme, Kingdom of France, 90 km west of Lyon, only child of Jean Chabrier, a lawyer, and Marie-Anne-Evelina Durozay, daughter of a well-to-do family.
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January 19, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) gives the first of five concerts in Edinburgh and Glasgow over the next five days.
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January 20, 1841: First Opium War:  A protocol of peace is signed between representatives of China and Great Britain at Chuenpi (Chuanbi) after hostilities over opium in 1840. Hong Kong is ceded to Britain and the Chinese are forced to pay $6,000,000 indemnity. The island of Chou-shan (Zhoushan) is returned to China. Both the British and Chinese governments will reject the treaty.
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January 21, 1841: Owing to the new popularity of Baroque music, Felix Mendelssohn (31) directs an ambitious program of music by JS Bach (†90) and Handel (†81) in Leipzig. Mendelssohn himself plays Bach’s Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue and Handel’s Theme and Variations on “The Harmonious Blacksmith.”
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January 21, 1841: La guitarrero, an opéra comique by Fromental Halévy (41) to words of Scribe, is performed for the first time, at the Théâtre Favart, Paris.
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January 25, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) arrives in Newcastle where he will give the first of six concerts in northern England over the next four days.
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January 25, 1841: Tarantella for reciter, chorus, and orchestra by Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (36) to words of Myatlov is performed for the first time, in the Alyeksandrinsky Theatre, St. Petersburg.
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January 26, 1841: Great Britain formally takes possession Hong Kong Island.
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January 27, 1841: Captain James Clark Ross, RN discovers an active volcano in Antarctica and names it for his ship, Mt. Erebus. Ross has sailed as far south as is possible.
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January 28, 1841: Captain James Clark Ross, RN sights the largest ice shelf in the world for the first time. (Eventually, it will be named after him.)
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January 30, 1841: El Salvador, the last remaining state of the Central American union, proclaims itself an independent republic.
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February 3, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) gives his last concert on this tour of Britain, at the Hanover Square Rooms, London.
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February 8, 1841: Henry Fox Talbot receives a British patent for his calotype photographic process which includes developing, fixing, and a negative.
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February 9, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) is in Brussels for a series of concerts through Belgium over the next month.
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February 10, 1841: The Act of Union goes into effect and Upper and Lower Canada (Ontario and Quebec) are merged into the Province of Canada.
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February 11, 1841: Adelia, o La figlia dell’arciere, a melodramma serio by Gaetano Donizetti (43) to words of Romani and Marini after an anonymous French play, is performed for the first time, in Teatro Apollo, Rome. It is a fiasco. The theatre is oversold and those not admitted begin a riot. At one point, the performance has to be stopped. The impresario, Vincenzo Jacovacci, is arrested and detained overnight.
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February 16, 1841: The Premiere grande symphonie of César Franck (18) is performed for the first time, at the Société d’Orléans, Paris.
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February 17, 1841: Ferdinando Carulli dies in Paris at the age of 71.
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February 19, 1841: The Royal Commission on Handloom Weavers makes its last report.
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February 19, 1841: Felip (Felipe) Pedrell is born in Tortosa, 150 km southwest of Barcelona, Kingdom of Spain, the son of Felip Pedrell and María Sabaté.
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February 22, 1841: The case of the Amistad is argued before the US Supreme Court. Congressman and former President John Quincy Adams is on the team representing the slaves.
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February 23, 1841: Richard Wagner (27) writes an article from Paris to appear in the Dresden Abendzeitung. He announces the impending death of the Paris Opéra and that its savior will be Giacomo Meyerbeer (49).
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February 27, 1841: Clara Schumann (21) finally receives her piano back from her father.
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March 2, 1841: Gaetano Donizetti (43) arrives back in Paris from Rome.
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March 4, 1841: William Henry Harrison replaces Martin Van Buren as President of the United States. The 27th Congress of the United States convenes in Washington. President Harrison’s Whig Party has won a good majority in both houses.
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March 6, 1841: Les diamants de la couronne, an opéra comique by Daniel Auber (59) to words of Scribe and Saint-Georges, is performed for the first time, at Théâtre Favart, Paris.
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March 9, 1841: The United States Supreme Court declares that the Africans who escaped off the Spanish slave ship Amistad and swam to New York are now free. With private help, they will return to Africa.
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March 13, 1841: The British liner SS President, out of New York bound for Liverpool, is last seen in heavy weather off Nantucket. Neither the ship nor her complement of 136 are seen again.
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March 13, 1841: Il proscritto, a melodramma tragico by Otto Nicolai (30) to words of Rossi, is performed for the first time, in Teatro alla Scala, Milan.
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March 18, 1841: Giacomo Meyerbeer (49) writes from Baden to August Freiherr von Lüttichau, director of the Dresden Opera, recommending Richard Wagner (27) and Rienzi.
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March 20, 1841: Albert Lortzing’s (39) Kantate zur Säkularfeier der Loge ‘Minerva zu den drei Palmen’ to words of Mothes is performed for the first time, in Leipzig.
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March 20, 1841: Essays (Essays: First Series) by Ralph Waldo Emerson is published in Boston.
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March 23, 1841: Anton Rubinstein (11) gives his first major performance in Paris, at the Salle Pleyel.
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March 25, 1841: France annexes Mayotte in the Comoro Islands.
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March 27, 1841: The wife of Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (36), from whom he has separated but not divorced, marries Nikolay Nikolayevich Vasilchikov, nephew of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers.
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March 27, 1841: In his first concert back from the British Isles, Franz Liszt (29) appears in the Salle Erard, Paris. One Russian audience member, Anton Rubinstein (11), is overwhelmed.
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March 31, 1841: Symphony no.1 “Spring” by Robert Schumann (30) is performed for the first time, in the Leipzig Gewandhaus, directed by Felix Mendelssohn (32). Also premiered today is Mendelssohn’s Allegro brillant op.92 for piano duet, and a song by Clara Schumann, Am Strande to words of Burns. Overshadowing all the music is the return to the Leipzig stage of Clara Schumann (21) for the first time since her marriage. She receives thunderous and lasting applause after each piece. And she is four months pregnant.
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April 1, 1841: This months issue of Graham’s Magazine sees the first publication of “Murders in the Rue Morgue” by one of its editors, Edgar Allan Poe. (It is considered by many to be the first detective story)
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April 1, 1841: The Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew are opened to the public.
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April 2, 1841: Gaspare Spontini (66), accused of insulting King Friedrich Wilhelm IV, appears to conduct a performance of Mozart’s (†49) Don Giovanni in Berlin. There is a riot in the hall and he is forced to withdraw after the overture.
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April 4, 1841: Felix Mendelssohn (32) is appointed Kapellmeister to King Friedrich August II of Saxony.
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April 4, 1841: President William Henry Harrison of the United States dies of pneumonia in Washington and is succeeded by John Tyler.
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April 10, 1841: Having merged to earlier publications, Horace Greeley prints the first issue of the New York Tribune.
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April 13, 1841: Jean Baptiste Nothomb replaces Jean Louis Joseph Lebeau as head of government for Belgium.
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April 13, 1841: The new Hoftheater in Dresden, designed by Gottfried Semper, opens with a performance of Goethe’s Torquato Tasso.
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April 16, 1841: In Munich, Josephine Lang (26) receives a letter from Reinhold Köstlin in Tübingen, offering marriage. She will accept.
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April 19, 1841: Le comte de Carmagnola, an opéra by Ambroise Thomas (29) to words of Scribe, is performed for the first time, at the Paris Opéra.
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April 21, 1841: A benefit concert is given in the ballroom of the St. Louis Hotel, New Orleans to raise money to send Louis Moreau Gottschalk (11) to France for study.
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April 25, 1841: Hector Berlioz (37) and Franz Liszt (29) produce an all-Beethoven (†14) concert at the Salle du Conservatoire to benefit the Beethoven monument in Bonn. Liszt plays various piano sonatas and the “Emperor” Concerto, conducted by Berlioz, along with the Sixth Symphony. Unfortunately, the receipts are barely enough to pay the musicians. The audience requires Liszt to play his own Reminiscences on Meyerbeer’s Robert le Diable, while Berlioz and the orchestra wait. Richard Wagner (27), reviewing the concert for the Dresden Abendzeitung, is offended. “Some day, Liszt in heaven will be summoned to play his Fantasy on The Devil before the assembled company of angels.” An aspiring cellist named Jacob (Jacques) Offenbach (21) joins forces with a visiting prodigy from Russia, Anton Rubinstein (11), to perform the second and third movements of Beethoven’s Cello Sonata in A.
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April 26, 1841: Frédéric Chopin (31) is the featured artist at the Salle Pleyel, Paris performing mostly his own music including the Mazurkas op.41, the Ballade op.38, the Scherzo op.39 and the Polonaise op.40/1. The evening is an unequalled triumph. Eugène Delacroix has stayed in bed the last two days to get over a sore throat just so he can attend. Also present are Hector Belioz (37), Franz Liszt (29), Heinrich Heine and, of course, George Sand.
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April 29, 1841: Richard Wagner (27) and his wife move to Meudon near Paris, at 3 avenue de Meudon (27 avenue du château) to finish Der fliegende Holländer.
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May 1, 1841: The first wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri for the Alta California district of Mexico.
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May 1, 1841: Louis Moreau Gottschalk (11) departs New Orleans aboard the SS Taglione for study in France.
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May 2, 1841: Franz Liszt’s (29) review of Fryderyk Chopin’s (31) 26 April concert appears in the Gazette musicale. “All criticism of him is silenced, as though posterity had already spoken. And the glittering audience which flocked to the concert to hear the poet who for far too long had been silent showed no opposition, no reservations: unanimous praise was on everyone’s lips.”
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May 3, 1841: New Zealand is separated from the New South Wales colony and becomes a separate possession of Great Britain.
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May 7, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) arrives back in England from Paris and takes part in a concert in the evening.
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May 10, 1841: Joaquín María Ferrer Cafranga replaces Joaquín Baldomero Fernández Espartero, duque de la Victoria as Prime Minister of Spain. Espartero is named regent for the eleven-year-old Queen Isabella II.
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May 20, 1841: Antonio González y González replaces Joaquín María Ferrer Cafranga as Prime Minister of Spain.
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May 22, 1841: Local residents in Guria (part of Georgia) revolt against the imposition of new taxes by Russia.
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May 24, 1841: First Opium War:  A British force lands near Canton (Guangzhou) and captures its western forts.
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May 25, 1841: First Opium War:  Canton (Guangzhou) surrenders to the British who receive payment for not destroying the city.
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May 27, 1841: Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (36) submits a formal petition for divorce. His wife has already remarried.
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May 29, 1841: Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha replaces Mehmed Hüsrev Pasha as Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire.
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May 29, 1841: First Opium War:  As British forces move out of Canton (Guangzhou) they are attacked by thousands of Chinese civilians. Foreign businesses in the city are destroyed by Chinese troops. The British continue their withdrawal.
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May 31, 1841: Ennemond Marius Darmès is put to death by guillotine for attempting to kill King Louis-Philippe of France last October.
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May 31, 1841: After a private performance for the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Franz Liszt (29) is involved in accident where his coach is overturned. He and his three companions are largely unhurt, but Liszt sprains his wrist.
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June 1, 1841: Ottoman Sultan Abdul Mejid accepts the Treaty of London and names Mohammed Ali governor for life of Egypt. The title will be hereditary.
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June 3, 1841: The Musical World announces that Samuel Sebastian Wesley (30) is a candidate for Reid Professor of Music at the University of Edinburgh. He will not get it.
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June 14, 1841: The first session of the Parliament of the Province of Canada is opened by Lord Sydenham in Kingston.
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June 14, 1841: Gaetano Donizetti’s (43) cantata Dalla Francia un saluto t’invia for solo voices, chorus, orchestra, and piano is performed for the first time, in Bergamo for the 78th birthday of Simon Mayr.
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June 18, 1841: Frédéric Chopin (31) and George Sand travel from Paris to her chateau in Berry to spend the summer. It is the first time they have been there in almost two years.
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June 19, 1841: Anton Rubinstein (11) performs before King Willem II and the Dutch court in the Palace of Paauw in Wassenaar.
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June 24, 1841: Anton Rubinstein (11) performs before King Willem II and the Dutch court in the Palace of Soesdyk in Baarn.
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June 28, 1841: Giselle, ou Les Wilis, a ballet fantastique by Adolphe Adam (37) to a story by Gautier and St.-Georges, is performed for the first time, at the Paris Opéra.
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June 29, 1841: The new House of Commons opens in London with the Conservative Party of Sir Robert Peel having won a strong majority over Viscount Melbourne and the Whigs.
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June 29, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) makes his last appearance in London as a professional pianist.
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June 30, 1841: The Great Western Railway is completed from London to Bristol.
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July 2, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) departs London for Hamburg.
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July 5, 1841: Cabinet maker and temperance advocate Thomas Cook organizes a special train to take 500 people from Leicester to Loughborough for a temperance meeting. He goes on to organize several other such trips and eventually turns it into a business.
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July 6, 1841: Alexandros Nikolaou Mavrokordatos replaces King Othon as President of the Council of Ministers of Greece.
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July 9, 1841: Joaquim António de Aguiar replaces José Lúcio Travassos Valdez, conde e barão de Bonfim as Prime Minister of Portugal.
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July 9, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) gives a solo recital at the festival of the North German Music Society in Hamburg.
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July 13, 1841: The Straits Convention is agreed to by Great Britain, France, Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Turkey. The European powers are forbidden from the Dardanelles.
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July 15, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) arrives in Copenhagen for nine days of concertizing. He will play before King Christian VIII.
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July 17, 1841: The satirical journal Punch is launched in England.
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July 18, 1841: 15-year-old Emperor Pedro II of Brazil is crowned in Rio de Janeiro.
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July 19, 1841: Anton Rubinstein (11) gives his first performance in Germany, in Cologne.
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July 21, 1841: César Franck (18) wins the Second Prize in organ at the Paris Conservatoire.
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July 22, 1841: A month of voting concludes in elections for the British House of Commons. The Conservatives of Robert Peel gain over 50 seats and a majority.
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July 27, 1841: Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov is killed in a duel at Pyatigorsk, Russia, at the age of 26.
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July 30, 1841: Anton Bruckner (16) passes an examination in Linz qualifying him to be an assistant teacher.
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August 1, 1841: Felix Mendelssohn (32) and his family move to Berlin where he is to take up nebulous duties given to him by King Friedrich Wilhelm for the reestablishment of musical culture in the city.
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August 2, 1841: In a presentation before the British Association in Plymouth entitled “Report on British Fossil Reptiles”, Richard Owen first uses the term “dinosaur.”
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August 9, 1841: Rebels in Guria (Georgia), now armed and organized, battle Russian troops at Gogoreti, forcing them to retreat.
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August 9, 1841: The side paddle-wheeler Erie catches fire in Lake Erie near Buffalo. 254 people are lost, 89 survive.
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August 11, 1841: Escaped slave Frederick Douglass tells his story for the first time, at an anti-slavery convention on Nantucket.
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August 13, 1841: The Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra plays through Robert Schumann’s (31) Phantasie for piano and orchestra, Clara Schumann (21) at the keyboard at a rehearsal, two weeks before going into labor. He will make revisions in the music.
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August 16, 1841: Members of President Tyler’s own Whig Party riot outside the White House after he vetoes a bill to reestablish a Bank of the United States. Rocks are thrown, guns are fired in the air, and the President is hanged in effigy.
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August 18, 1841: Civil and ecclesiastical courts reject yet another appeal by the executors of Nicolò Paganini’s (†1) estate for the burial of his remains.
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August 22, 1841: King Othon I replaces Alexandros Nikolaou Mavrokordatos President of the Council of Ministers of Greece.
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August 23, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) gives a concert to benefit the construction of the Cologne Cathedral.
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August 27, 1841: The Deerslayer or, the First War-Path by James Fenimore Cooper is published in Philadelphia.
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August 30, 1841: Otto Nicolai (31) becomes engaged to the singer Ermina Frezzolini.
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August 30, 1841: Sir Robert Peel replaces William Lamb, Viscount Melbourne as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
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September 1, 1841: A first child is born to Robert (31) and Clara (21) Schumann in Leipzig. She is named Marie.
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September 2, 1841: Achille Paganini appeals to Pope Gregory XVI in Rome for resolution of the matter of his late father’s (†1) remains. The Pope orders the Archbishop of Turin to look into it.
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September 3, 1841: Major race riots erupt in Cincinnati after three days of street clashes between whites and blacks. The violence will continue until 5 September. Dozens of people are killed and 300 blacks are placed in protective custody.
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September 5, 1841: Russian forces finally defeat the rebellion in Guria (Georgia).
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September 8, 1841: Frederick Douglass, traveling by train from Newburyport, Massachusetts to Providence, Rhode Island is beaten by railroad workers who drag him to a car reserved for blacks.
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September 8, 1841: Antonín Leopold Dvorák is born in Gasthaus-Metzgerei (Proti Nadrazi 12) in Nelahozeves, near Kralupy, Kingdom of Bohemia, 20 km north of Prague, first of 14 children (eight surviving) born to Frantisek Dvorák, an innkeeper, and Anna Zdenková, daughter of a steward.
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September 11, 1841: Protesting his veto of the Banking Bill, President Tyler’s entire cabinet, except for Secretary of State Daniel Webster, resigns.
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September 13, 1841: A young sawyer named François Quenisset fires at a military parade in Paris attempting to kill any of three of the sons of King Louis-Philippe. He manages only to kill a horse and is seized by the crowd. Officials whisk him away.
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September 18, 1841: Franz Liszt (29) signs a document enrolling him in a Freemason Lodge in Frankfurt-am-Main.
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September 20, 1841: Mohammed Ali is recognized by the European powers as Pasha of Egypt but he is stripped of all other offices, forced to pay one-fourth of Egypt’s annual revenue to the Sultan as tribute, remove his troops from Syria, and limit the size of the army.
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September 24, 1841: Local chiefs in Sarawak ask Englishman James Brooke to set up a state. He is named Rajah by Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin of Brunei.
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September 28, 1841: Frederick Douglass and two white abolitionists are beaten by eight white men on a train between Lynn and Newburyport, Massachusetts. They are then thrown off the train for sitting together in a whites only car.
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September 28, 1841: Jubiläumslied for chorus by Emilie Zumsteeg (44) to words of Grüneisen is performed for the first time, in Stuttgart during festivities surrounding the 25th anniversary of the coronation of King Wilhelm I of Württemberg.
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September 30, 1841: Samuel Slocum of Poughkeepsie, New York receives a US patent for a “machine for sticking pins in paper” thought to be the first stapler.
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October 1, 1841: First Opium War:  British forces retake Chou-shan (Zhoushan) Island.
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October 2, 1841: Moderates revolt in Barcelona against the regency of Baldomero Espartero. Within a week the city will be bombarded and surrender.
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October 2, 1841: Prince Honoré V of Monaco dies in Paris and is succeeded by his brother Florestan.
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October 3, 1841: Anton Bruckner (17) begins duties as assistant schoolmaster in Windhaag.
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October 3, 1841: The String Quartet in C W.6 by Peter Cornelius (16) is performed for the first time, in Wiesbaden.
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October 7, 1841: Izzet Mehmed Pasha replaces Mehmed Emin Rauf Pasha as Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire.
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October 9, 1841: A Father Opolsky files a complaint with the Metropolitan and Chief Procurator in St. Petersburg. He says that Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (37) has been telling everyone that he married Glinka’s estranged wife to Nikolay Nikolayevich Vasilchikov. He says he told Glinka that because he suffers from “obscured judgment.”
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October 10, 1841: Antonio López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón replaces Anastasio Bustamante y Oseguera as President of Mexico.
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October 10, 1841: First Opium War:  A British campaign towards Nanking begins with the assault on and capture of the fortified town of Chen-hai (Zhenhai) near Ningpo (Ningbo).
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October 12, 1841: Incidental music to Kukolnik’s play Prince Kholmsky by Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (37) is performed for the first time, in St. Petersburg. The play is too long and not well received.
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October 13, 1841: Felix Mendelssohn (32) is appointed Royal Kapellmeister by King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia.
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October 13, 1841: British forces capture Ningpo (Ningbo).
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October 18, 1841: Samuel Sebastian Wesley (31) performs on the new organ at the parish church in Leeds. He is so impressed by the town and its citizens that he will accept an offer to become organist there.
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October 18, 1841: Giacomo Meyerbeer (50) moves to Berlin.
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October 26, 1841: La main de fer, ou Le marriage secret, an opera by Adolphe Adam (39) to words of Scribe and Leuven, is performed for the first time, at the Opéra-Comique, Paris.
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October 28, 1841: Incidental music to Sophocles’ play Antigone by Felix Mendelssohn (32) is performed for the first time, before King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia and invited guests at the Potsdam Court Theatre, including Giacomo Meyerbeer (50) and Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel (35). See 13 April 1842.
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October 28, 1841: A large fire breaks out at the Tower of London and goes on to destroy a significant part of the building. Only through the bravery of police and firefighters are the crowned jewels saved.
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October 30, 1841: Richard Wagner (28) and his wife move back to Paris from Meudon, at 14 rue Jacob.
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October 31, 1841: Six numbers of the revised Stabat mater by Gioachino Rossini (49) are performed in the salon of Henri Herz (38) in Paris, the press in attendance.  One of the soloists is Pauline Viardot (20), seven months pregnant.  See 7 January 1842.
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November 2, 1841: An Afghan revolt against British occupation begins with the murder of British envoy Alexander Burnes in Kabul.
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November 2, 1841: Frédéric Chopin (31) and George Sand arrive in Paris from Nohant, where they have been since June.
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November 4, 1841: After a trip of six months from Independence, Missouri, the first wagon train reaches the Stanislaus River in the Alta California district of Mexico.
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November 5, 1841: Prince Ludwig of Anhalt-Köthen-Pless dies in Pless.  With his death, the Principality of Anhalt-Köthen-Pless, separated since 1765, is rejoined to the Duchy of Anhalt-Köthen.
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November 7, 1841: Slaves mutiny on board merchant ship Creole between Hampton Roads and New Orleans. They force the ship to Nassau.
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November 9, 1841: The Creole reaches Nassau, Bahamas. There the British authorities arrest the ringleaders but bowing to demands of local citizens free all other slaves on board and send the ship on to New Orleans. Those arrested eventually will be released.
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November 20, 1841: Samuel Sebastian Wesley (31) tells the Chapter of Exeter Cathedral of his intention to resign.
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November 20, 1841: Bolivian troops defeat Paraguayans at Ingavi, south of La Paz, ending a Paraguayan invasion of Bolivia.
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November 21, 1841: At his second concert in Kassel, Franz Liszt (30) has his head circled with a wreath by Louis Spohr (57). The audience approves.
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November 23, 1841: Giacomo Meyerbeer and his family move into a new house in Berlin.
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November 25, 1841: Franz Liszt (30) first arrives in Weimar, which will be so important in his later life. By chance, he runs into Robert (31) and Clara Schumann (22).
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November 27, 1841: 17 Variations sérieuses for piano by Felix Mendelssohn (32) are performed for the first time, in the Gewandhaus, Leipzig by the composer.
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November 27, 1841: By decree of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil, the Conservatório de Música is established in Rio de Janeiro.
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November 29, 1841: Franz Liszt (30) performs publicly in Weimar for the first time, at the Court Theatre. Weimar will become very important in his life. He played privately on the 26th and before the court on the 28th.
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November 30, 1841: Rheinweinlied for male chorus and piano by Franz Liszt (30) to words of Herwegh is performed for the first time, in Jena.
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December 2, 1841: Frédéric Chopin (31) performs at a musical soiree given by the king’s son, the Duc d’Orleans at his residence, the Pavillon de Marsan. 500 people attend, including the King Louis Philippe and Queen Marie Amalie, three other of their children, Queen Maria Cristina of Spain, the ambassadors of Prussia, Sweden, and Saxony, former French Prime Minister Adolphe Thiers, and Eugène Delacroix. The program is conducted by Fromental Halévy (42), the duke’s music director. The featured work is Chopin’s Ballade op.47.
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December 6, 1841: Because she has refused for five months to come to court to be questioned in divorce proceedings, Maria Petrovna, estranged wife of Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (37), is questioned at home. She denies that she has married Nikolay Nikolayevich Vasilchikov.
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December 6, 1841: Two orchestral works by Robert Schumann (31) are performed for the first time, in Leipzig: Symphony no.4 (first performed as Symphony no.2) and Overture, Scherzo and Finale op.52. Franz Liszt’s (30) Studentenlied aus Goethes Faust for male chorus is performed for the first time on the same program. Clara Schumann (22) plays duets with Liszt, who is the star of the evening.
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December 14, 1841: While in Paris, Richard Wagner (28) learns that through the intercession of Giacomo Meyerbeer (50), Der fliegende Holländer has been approved by the intendant of the Berlin Court Opera.
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December 14, 1841: Pauline Viardot (20) gives birth to her first child, a daughter, in Paris.
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December 15, 1841: Felix Mendelssohn (32) writes to Reinhold Köstlin, the fiancé of Josephine Lang (26), “For heaven’s sake, keep her composing diligently. Truly it is your responsibility towards us all, seeking and thirsting as we constantly are for what is good and new.” (Porter, 88)
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December 15, 1841: Barnaby Rudge: A tale of the riots of ‘eighty and The Old Curiosity Shop, both by Charles Dickens, are published in London.
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December 17, 1841: Robert (31) and Clara Schumann (22) give a small party in Leipzig. “Liszt (30) came--as always, very late! He seems to love making people wait for him, which displeases me. I find him just like a spoilt child, good-natured, masterful, kind, arrogant, noble, and generous, often severe towards others--a strange mixture. We have become very fond of him, however, and towards us he has never behaved in any but the friendliest way.”
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December 20, 1841: A treaty to suppress the African slave trade is signed in London by representatives of Austria, France, Great Britain, Prussia, and Russia.
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December 22, 1841: Giuseppe Verdi (28) meets with the soprano Giuseppina Strepponi and shows her the score to Nabucco in an attempt to enlist her aid in having it produced in Milan.
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December 22, 1841: Fromental Halévy’s (42) opéra La reine de Chypre to words of Saint-Georges is performed for the first time, at the Paris Opéra. Despite the fact that George Sand does not approve, it is a success and will see 130 performances in the next 15 years.
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December 23, 1841: Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel (36) completes Das Jahr, a cycle of 12 piano pieces in honor of the months of the year. Only one will be published during her lifetime. (The entire cycle will finally be edited and published in 1989.)
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December 23, 1841: While attempting to negotiate with Afghan leaders in Kabul, Sir William Hay Macnaghten is shot to death by Akbar Khan, the son of the Amir of Kabul, Dost Mohammed.
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December 26, 1841: Maria Padilla, a melodramma by Gaetano Donizetti (44) to words of Rossi and the composer after Ancelot, is performed for the first time, in Teatro alla Scala, Milan.
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December 27, 1841: Franz Liszt (30) plays his first concert in Berlin, before King Friedrich Wilhelm IV. It is here where “Lisztomania” first occurs (a word coined by Heinrich Heine). He is so successful that he stays in Berlin for ten weeks playing 21 concerts. Liszt will receive the Ordre pour le Mérite from the King and be elected to the Prussian Academy of Fine Arts.
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December 31, 1841: Casanova, a komische Oper by Albert Lortzing (40) to his own words after Varin and Desvergers (tr.Lebrun), is performed for the first time, in Leipzig Stadttheater.
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December 31, 1841: The State of the Isthmus (Panama) is reincorporated into New Granada (Colombia).