January 10, 1823: Jan Václav Vorísek (31), a clerk in the maritime division of the Imperial War Deparment in Vienna, is appointed assistant court organist.
January 14, 1823: The Hof- und National Theater in Munich is destroyed by fire. Among the last to get out alive is the celebrated soprano Regina Hitzelberger-Lang and her daughter Josephine Lang (7).
January 18, 1823: Over the next week, English geologist William Buckland will discover human remains in a ceremonial burial in a cave on the Gower Peninsula in Wales. They will come to be known as the Red Lady of Paviland. (Now dated at 33,000 years old, and identified as male, they are the first human fossil ever found)
January 19, 1823: Royalists make a stand at Torata, Peru and defeat the oncoming rebels.
January 21, 1823: Royalists follow up their victory of two days ago by a crushing defeat of the rebels at Moqeugua, Peru.
January 22, 1823: A secret treaty is signed at the Congress of Verona. It gives France a free hand to enter the Spanish Civil War to restore Fernando VII to his absolute throne.
January 25, 1823: Ludwig van Beethoven (52) accepts a commission from Prince Galitsin for “one, two, or three new quartets.”
January 25, 1823: Leicester, ou Le château di Kenilworth, an opéra comique by Daniel Auber (40) to words of Scribe and Melesville after Scott, is performed for the first time, in the Théâtre Feydeau, Paris.
January 26, 1823: Edward Jenner dies in Berkeley, Gloucestershire at the age of 73.
January 27, 1823: The United States recognizes the United Provinces in South America (Argentina) and the State of Chile.
January 27, 1823: Edouard-Victoire-Antoine Lalo is born at 10 rue des Tours, in Lille, Kingdom of France.
January 28, 1823: Bernardo O’Higgins resigns as President of Chile under pressure, and is succeeded by Ramón Freire.
January 28, 1823: Music to Pocock’s (after Scott) play Nigel, or The Crown Jewels by Henry R. Bishop (36), is performed for the first time, in Covent Garden, London.
January 31, 1823: The ambassadors of the Holy Alliance (Austria-France-Prussia-Russia) depart Madrid after the Cortes refuses to make changes to the Spanish Constitution.
February 2, 1823: A cantata for the birthday of the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar by Johann Nepomuk Hummel (44) is performed for the first time.
February 3, 1823: Gioachino Rossini’s (30) melodramma tragico Semiramide to words of Rossi after Voltaire is performed for the first time, in Teatro La Fenice, Venice to a very enthusiastic response.
February 4, 1823: Walter Oudney and Hugh Clapperton of Great Britain become the first Europeans to see Lake Chad. They call it Lake Waterloo.
February 19, 1823: A mob gathers before the royal palace in Madrid demanding the deposition of the king and installation of a regency. The king retires to Seville where he is deposed by the Cortes.
February 20, 1823: British sealer/explorer James Weddell, aboard the brig Jane, fixes his position at 74°15’S at 34°16'45"W. This furthest south will not be bested until 1841.
February 20, 1823: Gretchen am Spinnrade D.118, a song by Franz Schubert (26) to words of Goethe, is performed publicly for the first time, in the Vienna Musikverein.
February 23, 1823: A Symphony in D by Jan Václav Vorísek (31) is performed for the first time, in Vienna. It is moderately successful.
February 23, 1823: Troops in Mexico City begin a general mutiny against Emperor Agustín I.
February 28, 1823: Franz Schubert (26) writes to court secretary Ignaz Franz von Mosel, mentioning that his health “still does not permit me to leave the house.” This is the first mention of what may be the illness which will eventually take his life.
March 3, 1823: 25 English gentlemen create the London Greek Committee to raise money and volunteers for the Greek rebellion against Turkey.
March 4, 1823: Silahdr Ali Pasha replaces Hamdullah Abdullah Pasha as Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire.
March 6, 1823: Franz Schubert’s (26) song Die abgeblühte Linde D.514 to words of Széchérnyi is performed for the first time, in the Vienna Musikverein.
March 13, 1823: Michael Faraday reads his paper “On Fluid Chlorine” to the Royal Society in London. He describes how he used cold temperatures and pressure to liquefy chlorine, normally a gas.
March 15, 1823: Ludwig van Beethoven (52) writes to Luigi Cherubini (62), “I value your works above all other compositions…I too am enchanted whenever I hear of a new work composed by you, and I take as much interest in it as I do in my own works-in short I honor and love you.” (Jones, Beethoven, 953)
March 19, 1823: Ludwig van Beethoven (52) presents a copy of his Missa Solemnis to his patron, Archduke Rudolph. Beethoven intended the mass for Rudolph’s elevation to Cardinal in 1820 but did not finish it in time.
March 19, 1823: Mexican Emperor Agustín de Iturbide is forced to abdicate.
March 24, 1823: The Royal Academy of Music opens at 4 Tenterden Street, Hanover Square, London. Its first principal is William Crotch (47).
March 25, 1823: Great Britain recognizes the Greeks as belligerents in war against Turkey.
March 25, 1823: Drang in die Ferne D.770, a song by Franz Schubert (26) to words of Leitner, is published in the Zeitschrift für Kunst, Vienna.
March 31, 1823: (Manuel Felix Fernández) Guadelupe Victoria, at the head of a triumvirate, begins to rule Mexico.
April 1, 1823: Omaggio pastorale, a cantata by Gioachino Rossini (31), is performed for possibly the first time, for the unveiling of a memorial bust of Antonio Canova in Treviso.
April 7, 1823: France invades Spain to restore an absolute monarchy.
April 10, 1823: Johann Baptist Jenger proposes his friend Franz Schubert (26) as an honorary member of the Styrian Music Society at Graz in spite of his youth. The proposal is accepted.
April 10, 1823: Franz Schubert (26) writes to his publisher Cappi and Diabelli accusing them of shady practices and severing relations.
April 10, 1823: Three songs by Franz Schubert (26) are published by Sauer and Leidesdorf, Vienna as his op.20: Sei mir gegrüsst to words of Rückert, Frühlingsglaube, to words of Uhland, and Hänflings Liebeswerbung to words of Kind.
April 10, 1823: Franz Liszt (11) writes the following in Ludwig van Beethoven’s (52) conversation book, “I have often expressed the wish to Herr von Schindler to make your lofty acquaintance, and am rejoiced now to be able to do so. As I will give a concert on Sunday the 13th I most humbly beg you to grant me your exalted presence.” Contrary to Liszt’s own report, Beethoven does not attend. Now almost totally deaf, he does not appear at concerts. (approximate date)
April 13, 1823: A second, revised constitution for Greece is adopted by the Second National Assembly in Astros of Kynouria.
April 21, 1823: The steamboat Virginia begins the first ascent of the Mississippi by motor power.
April 22, 1823: 23 subscribers agree to rules for the Baltic Coffee House (Baltic Exchange) in London for the buying and selling of ships and their cargoes.
April 22, 1823: Robert John Tyers of London receives a British patent for a “volito.” (now known as roller skates)
April 24, 1823: Simon Mayr’s (59) cantata La vita campestre is performed for the first time, in Bergamo.
April 25, 1823: José Manuel Vadillo replaces Evaristo Fernández San Miguel y Valledor as First Secretary of State of Spain.
April 25, 1823: The Paris College of Medicine is reopened after the government shut it down for five months for political unrest. Hector Berlioz (19) is no longer a student.
May 1, 1823: Franz Liszt (11) gives a homecoming concert in Pest after his triumphal trip to Vienna. He wears a national Hungarian costume. It is the first of five performances in Pest this month.
May 3, 1823: Clari, or The Maid of Milan, an opera by Henry R. Bishop (36) to words of Payne, is performed for the first time, in Covent Garden, London.
May 5, 1823: The Catholic Association is founded by Daniel O’Connell and Richard Lalor Sheil in Dublin.
May 6, 1823: Maria Szymanowska (33) performs before 900 people in Warsaw in preparation for a three-year concert tour.
May 7, 1823: Santiago Usoz y Mozi replaces José Manuel Vadillo as First Secretary of State of Spain.
May 10, 1823: Petros Iliou Mavromichalis replaces Alexandros Nikolaou Mavrokordatos as President of the Executive of Greece.
May 10, 1823: The steamboat Virginia reaches Fort Snelling (Minnesota) having completed the first ascent of the Mississippi River under motor power.
May 11, 1823: Former Emperor Agustín I is placed on a ship in Antigua (Veracruz) and sent out of Mexico.
May 11, 1823: After a difficult two months at home, Hector Berlioz (19) departs La Côte-St.-André for Paris. He has promised his parents that he will finish a baccalaureate degree within the next academic year.
May 12, 1823: Le muletier, an opéra comique by Ferdinand Hérold (32) to words of de Kock after La Fontaine after Boccaccio, is performed for the first time, in the Théâtre Feydeau, Paris.
May 13, 1823: José Maria Pando replaces Santiago Usoz y Mozi as First Secretary of State of Spain.
May 22, 1823: Following his desire to travel, Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (18) makes for the Caucasus, reaching Kharkov today.
May 22, 1823: The US House of Representatives passes the protectionist Tariff of 1824.
May 24, 1823: French troops enter Madrid in support of absolutism.
May 25, 1823: A Concerto in d minor for violin, piano and strings by Felix Mendelssohn (14) is performed for the first time, privately, at the Mendelssohn residence in Berlin. See 3 July 1823.
May 27, 1823: Portuguese military units favoring absolutism, led by Don Miguel, revolt at Vila Franca de Xira north of Lisbon. José António Faria de Carvalho replaces Filipe Ferreira de Araújo e Castro as Secretary of State (prime minister) of Portugal.
May 27, 1823: Víctor Damían Sáez y Sánchez-Mayor becomes First Secretary of State of the counter-government of Spain.
May 27, 1823: Two songs by Franz Schubert (26) to words of von Collin are published by Sauer and Leidesdorf, Vienna as his op.22: Der Zwerg and Wehmut.
May 28, 1823: Lord Bathurst, British Colonial Secretary, informs the governors of the West Indian colonies that flogging slave women is henceforth forbidden and that slave overseers may not use whips in the fields.
May 30, 1823: Aristea, an azione pastorale by Gaetano Donizetti (25) to words of Schmidt, is performed for the first time, in Teatro San Carlo, Naples.
June 2, 1823: Joaquim Pedro Gomes de Oliveira replaces José António Faria de Carvalho Filipe Ferreira de Araújo e Castro as Secretary of State (prime minister) of Portugal.
June 5, 1823: King Friedrich Wilhelm III creates provincial assemblies in Prussia.
June 5, 1823: William Buckland’s Reliquiae Diluvianae is published. He uses many examples from research of European caves to make the case for a massive ancient flood.
June 11, 1823: After King Fernando VII of Spain refused to quit Madrid before the invading French, the Cortes deposes him and sets up a Council of Regency.
June 17, 1823: Scotsman Charles MacIntosh receives a British patent for the waterproof cloth he has been using to make raincoats.
June 18, 1823: King João VI annuls the Portuguese constitution after protests against him over the loss of Brazil.
June 18, 1823: Royalists capture Lima but will have to evacuate within two weeks.
June 19, 1823: Three songs by Franz Schubert (26) to words of Mayrhofer are published by Sauer and Leidesdorf, Vienna as his op.21: Auf der Donau, Der Schiffer and Wie Ulfru fischt.
June 23, 1823: George and Robert Stephenson open a foundry in Newcastle-upon-Tyne for the purpose of building locomotives.
July 1, 1823: At a constitutional congress in Guatemala City, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua, form the Confederation of United Provinces of Central America, independent of Mexico. Chiapas decides to remain in Mexico.
July 2, 1823: Alfredo il grande, a dramma per musica by Gaetano Donizetti (25) to words of Tottola, is performed for the first and only time, in Teatro San Carlo, Naples.
July 2, 1823: After a siege of a year, Portuguese forces and loyalists evacuate Salvador by sea. Brazilian irregulars take control of the city.
July 2, 1823: Duke Wilhelm of Oldenburg dies in Plön and is succeeded by his cousin Peter I.
July 3, 1823: A Concerto in d minor for violin, piano and orchestra by Felix Mendelssohn (14) is performed publicly for the first time, in the Schauspielhaus, Berlin. See 25 May 1823.
July 14, 1823: In response to Prince Metternich’s threat to invade, the Swiss Diet issues a Press and Foreigner Order, denying the right of asylum in the country. The great powers see Switzerland as a haven for political troublemakers.
July 15, 1823: Don Juan (cantos vi-viii) by George Gordon, Lord Byron is published.
July 16, 1823: George Gordon, Lord Byron sets sail from Italy with a small party for Greece, where he intends to aid the Greeks in their uprising.
July 17, 1823: US Secretary of State John Quincy Adams informs the Russian minister in Washington, Baron Tuyll, that his government will not recognize any Russian territorial claims in North America.
July 21, 1823: Maria Szymanowska (33) performs in Carlsbad, Bohemia (Karoly Vary, Czech Republic) on her three year concert tour of Europe.
July 24, 1823: The government of Chile abolishes slavery.
July 26, 1823: The Loyalist garrison of São Luis surrenders to Brazilian warships.
July 28, 1823: Jessonda, an opera by Louis Spohr (39) to words of Gehe after Lemierre, is performed for the first time, in the Kassel Hoftheater.
August 2, 1823: Jan Václav Vorísek (32) travels from Vienna to Karlsbad for treatment of a serious illness (probably tuberculosis). He will stay for a month.
August 3, 1823: The besieged loyalist garrison of Maracaibo surrenders to rebels.
August 4, 1823: Adam Liszt writes to Prince Metternich requesting a passport and introductions to the Austrian ambassadors in Paris, Munich and London, where he plans to take his prodigious son, Franz (11).
August 4, 1823: Four songs by Franz Schubert (26) are published by Sauer and Leidesdorf, Vienna as his op.23: Selige Welt and Schwanengesang, both to words of Senn, Die Liebe hat gelogen to words of Platen, and Schatzgräbers Begehr to words of Schober.
August 5, 1823: Maria Szymanowska (33) meets Johann Wolfgang von Goethe for the first time, in Marienbad.
August 10, 1823: Brazilian warships force the loyalist garrison of Belém over to their side.
August 13, 1823: Ludwig van Beethoven (52) departs the home of Baron von Pronay at Hertzendorf, where he has been staying, for Baden.
August 14, 1823: By this date, Franz Schubert (26) has moved to Steyr with Johann Michael Vogl. He begins to despair that he will ever be well again.
August 19, 1823: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe writes from Marienbad that he recently heard Maria Szymanowska (33) play. He is quite taken with her and calls her the "female Hummel (44)."
August 20, 1823: Giorgio Barnaba Luigi Chiaramonti, Pope Pius VII, dies in Rome.
August 22, 1823: In a night battle, Greek forces defeat Turks at Karpenissi, near Mt. Veluchi.
August 29, 1823: Juan Antonio Yandiola Garay replaces José Maria Pando as First Secretary of State of Spain.
August 29, 1823: Don Juan (cantos ix-xi) by George Gordon, Lord Byron is published.
August 31, 1823: French troops storm and conquer the Trocadero and enter Cadiz.
September 3, 1823: Gaetano Donizetti’s (25) dramma giocoso Il fortunato inganno to words of Tottola is performed for the first time, in Teatro Nuovo, Naples. It will receive only two more performances.
September 4, 1823: José Luyando replaces Juan Antonio Yandiola Garay as First Secretary of State of Spain.
September 8, 1823: Ferdinand Hérold’s (32) opéra L’asthénie to words of Chaillou is performed for the first time, in the Paris Opéra.
September 10, 1823: The National Assembly of Peru names Simón Bolívar as supreme commander of the country.
September 17, 1823: A royalist army catches up to rebels at Ayo Ayo, east of Lake Titicaca. The rebels attempt to retreat but a rout ensues. Within a week, General Santa Cruz will lose three-quarters of his army.
September 18, 1823: The United States signs the Treaty of Moultrie Creek with the Seminole Indians. The Seminoles are required to relinquish all claims to Florida in return for a reservation of about 1,620,000 hectares.
September 20, 1823: The Liszt family depart Vienna for Paris.
September 20, 1823: Franz Schubert (26) writes to the Styrian Musical Society in Graz, thanking them for the honorary membership they voted for him last April. It is the first official honor he has received.
September 22, 1823: Incidental music to Hell’s play Ali Baba oder Die 40 Räuber by Heinrich August Marschner (28), is performed for the first time, in Dresden.
September 23, 1823: Burmese forces attack the British garrison on the island of Shahpura in the mouth of the Naat River. Three British are killed. The Burmese claim the island as theirs and object to the presence of British forces there.
September 28, 1823: Annibale Francesco Sermattei, conte della Genga becomes Pope Leo XII.
September 30, 1823: The constitutional regency in Cadiz releases King Fernando in return for amnesty from the surrounding French army.
October 1, 1823: King Fernando VII of Spain is returned to full power by the French and immediately begins executing his enemies.
October 1, 1823: The Royal Manchester Institution is founded to raise the intellectual and artistic activity in Manchester, as well as the city’s image.
October 5, 1823: The first issue of The Lancet is published in London.
October 5, 1823: The Beacon of Liberty, an historical romance with music by Henry R. Bishop (36) to words of Bayley, is performed for the first time, in Covent Garden, London.
October 8, 1823: Daniel Auber’s (41) opéra comique La neige, ou Le nouvel Eginhard to words of Scribe and Delavigne is performed for the first time, in Thêâtre Feydeau, Paris.
October 12, 1823: Maria Szymanowska (33) performs before 700 people in Leipzig on her three year concert tour of Europe.
October 17, 1823: Franz Liszt (11) gives the first of three concerts in Munich. Present is King Maximilian I of Bavaria. The reviews of this performance contain so many superlatives that his second concert will be sold out.
October 20, 1823: After the success of her 12 October performance, Maria Szymanowska (33) plays for a second time in Leipzig on her three year concert tour of Europe.
October 25, 1823: Carl Maria von Weber’s (36) grand Romantic opera Euryanthe to words of von Chézy after Gerbert de Montreuil, is performed for the first time, in the Kärntnertortheater, Vienna, conducted by the composer. The work is enthusiastically received, although some find it confusing, including Franz Schubert (26) who expresses dislike for the work. Unable to gain her reserved seat through the crowd, the librettist, Helmina von Chézy is passed over the heads of the audience.
October 27, 1823: Two songs by Franz Schubert (26) are published by Sauer and Leidesdorf, Vienna as his op.24: the second setting of Gruppe aus dem Tartarus to words of Schiller, and Schlummerlied (Schlaflied) to words of Mayrhofer.
October 27, 1823: Maria Szymanowska (33) performs for Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in Weimar on her three-year concert tour of Europe.
October 29, 1823: Franz Liszt (12) and his family arrive in Augsburg where he will give three concerts over the next four days.
November 4, 1823: Maria Szymanowska (33) performs in Weimar on her three year concert tour of Europe.
November 5, 1823: Cortez, or The Conquest of Mexico, an opera by Henry R. Bishop (36) to words of Planché after Prescott, is performed for the first time, in Covent Garden, London.
November 9, 1823: Gioachino Rossini (31) enters Paris for the first time, on his way to England. The city will be very important in his later life.
November 12, 1823: Emperor Pedro of Brazil dissolves the Constituent Assembly and arrests its leading members.
November 22, 1823: Hymne an die heilige Cäcilie for soprano, chorus and organ by Louis Spohr (39) to words of von Calenberg is performed for the first time, in Kassel. The solo part is sung by the composer’s daughter Emilie.
November 29, 1823: After several unsuccessful attempts, Carl Maria von Weber’s (37) request for an assistant is granted by the Dresden court. He desires that his friend, Johann Gänsbacher be appointed but Gänsbacher has just been appointed Kapellmeister at St. Stephen’s in Vienna. The post will go to someone not in favor with Weber, Heinrich August Marschner (28).
November 30, 1823: Franz Schubert (26) writes to Schober that “my health, thank God, is firmly restored at last.”
December 1, 1823: The 18th Congress of the United States convenes in Washington. Voting for the House of Representatives took place between 1 July 1822 and 14 August 1823. Republicans hold 189 of 213 seats in the House of Representatives and 42 of 46 seats in the Senate.
December 2, 1823: Carlos Martínez de Irujo y Tacón, marqués de Casa-Irujo, duque de Sotomayor replaces Víctor Damían Sáez y Sánchez-Mayor as First Secretary of State of Spain.
December 2, 1823: In a message to Congress, President James Monroe declares, “We should consider any attempt on their (European powers) part to extend their system (Concert of Europe) to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety.” It is hereafter known as the Monroe Doctrine.
December 10, 1823: Mary Anning discovers the bones of a Plesiosaurus, in Dorset. This, and others of her fossil discoveries, help to prove that some species have gone extinct.
December 10, 1823: Maria Szymanowska (33) performs in Berlin on her three-year concert tour of Europe.
December 11, 1823: Greeks defeat Turks at Messolongi, 200 km west of Athens.
December 11, 1823: William Prout reads his paper On the nature of the acid and saline matters usually existing in the stomachs of animals before the Royal Society in London. In it, he clearly shows that hydrochloric acid is the agent of digestion.
December 12, 1823: The Vespers of Palermo, a tragedy by Henry R. Bishop (37) to words of Hemans, is performed for the first time, in Covent Garden, London.
December 13, 1823: Gioachino Rossini (31) and his wife arrive in London. He immediately takes to bed to recover from the Channel crossing.
December 15, 1823: La France et l’Espagne, a scéne lyrique by Adrien Boieldieu to words of Chazet, is performed for the first time, in the Hôtel de Ville, Paris on the eve of the composer’s 48th birthday.
December 17, 1823: Don Juan (cantos xii-xiv) by George Gordon, Lord Byron is published.
December 20, 1823: Incidental music to von Chézy’s play Rosamunde, Fürstin von Zypern by Franz Schubert (26) is performed for the first time, in the Theater an der Wien, Vienna. The play is a failure.
December 22, 1823: Franz Liszt (12) performs in Paris to sensational audience and critical response. He will perform in Paris no less than 38 times before next April.
December 23, 1823: The Troy (NY) Sentinel publishes a poem by Clement Clarke Moore, without attribution, entitled “A Visit From St. Nicholas” beginning with the words, “’Twas the Night Before Christmas.”
December 25, 1823: Narciso de Heredia y Begines, Conde de Ofalia replaces Carlos Martínez de Irujo y Tacón, marqués de Casa-Irujo, duque de Sotomayor as First Secretary of State of Spain.
December 25, 1823: Two works for chorus and organ by Samuel Wesley (57) are performed for the first time, in St. Paul’s Cathedral, London: Magnificat and Nunc dimittis.
December 29, 1823: Gioachino Rossini (31) is presented to King George IV of Great Britain at the Royal Pavilion in Brighton. By request of the king, he sings two of his own arias, accompanying himself on the piano. Choristers of the Chapel Royal also perform, including Samuel Sebastian Wesley (13).
December 30, 1823: Auf dem Wasser zu singen D.774, a song by Franz Schubert (26) to words of Stolberg, is published in the Zeitschrift für Kunst, Vienna.
December 31, 1823: Georgios Andreou Koundouriotis replaces Petros Iliou Mavromichalis as President of the Executive of Greece.