January 4, 1881: Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets is born in Dushatin in the Chernihiv Region of the Russian Empire (Bryansk, Ukraine), the son of a farmer and a descendant of serfs. (This could be 5 January)
December 14, 1918: The Moscow Professional Composers Union is founded. Nikolay Roslavets (37) is elected chairman of the governing board.
March 18, 1924: A concert of new music is given in Moscow by the Association for Contemporary Music. It includes the Sonata for cello and piano and Three Dances for violin and piano by Nikolay Roslavets (43).
April 12, 1924: Piano Sonata no.4 by Nikolay Roslavets (43) is performed for the first time, in Moscow.
December 28, 1924: Nikolay Roslavets (43) resigns as director of the political section of MUSEKTOR, the music sector of the state publishers of the USSR. He is unhappy with recent decisions made, especially the abandonment of Musical Culture.
January 17, 1927: Nikolay Roslavets (46) gives a lecture at the Igor Stravinsky Music Polytechnic in Moscow, entitled The New System of Tonal Organization and New Methods of Teaching the Theory of Composition. “With Debussy (†8), in my opinion, begins tonal anarchy.” He compares the anarchy and individualism of western music with the individualism of capitalism and dismisses the work of Skryabin (†11) and Stravinsky (44) as dead ends.
December 4, 1927: In a grand concert in the Column Hall of the House of Unions in Moscow to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the October Revolution, a suite from The Steel op.19, a ballet by Alyeksandr Vasilyevich Mosolov (27), is performed for the first time. Also premiered is October, a cantata by Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets (46) to words of Alexandrovsky, Kirillov, and Obradovich.
September 30, 1928: The symphonic poem Komsomoliya by Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets (47) is performed for the first time, in Moscow.
August 23, 1944: Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets dies of a stroke in Moscow, USSR, aged 63 years, seven months, and 19 days. His mortal remains will be buried in Vagankovsky Cemetery (no longer extant).
February 5, 1991: Aux heures de la nouvelle lune, a symphonic poem by Nikolay Roslavets (†46), is performed for the first time, in Royal Festival Hall, London approximately 80 years after it was composed.