1980: A monument to the victims of Polish communism is dedicated in Gdansk. The ceremony is attended by thousands, including the Communist Party Central Committee, leaders of the Roman Catholic Church and the independent trade union Solidarity. Lacrimosa for soprano, chorus, and orchestra by Krzysztof Penderecki (47) is performed for the first time. The names of the dead of the uprisings of 1956, 1970, and 1976 are read out. Lech Walesa lights an eternal flame.