A CHRONOLOGICAL VIEW OF WESTERN MUSIC HISTORY IN THE CONTEXT OF WORLD EVENTS

Niccolò Jommelli

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September 10, 1714: Niccolò Jommelli is born in Aversa, Kingdom of Naples under Austrian rule.
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January 8, 1753: Attilio Regolo, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (38) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, in the Teatro Delle Dame, Rome.
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January 27, 1753: A second version of Demofoonte, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (38) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, Ducal Palace, Milan. See 11 February 1764 and 4 November 1770.
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February 11, 1753: Fetonte, a pasticcio containing the music of Niccolò Jommelli (38), to words of Villati, is performed for the first time, at the Ducal Theatre, Stuttgart, to celebrate the birthday of Duke Carl Eugen of Württemberg.
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March 13, 1753: La reggia de’ Fati, a serenata by Niccolò Jommelli (38) to words of Pascali, is performed for the first time, in the Royal Ducal Palace, Milan, to celebrate the birth of Prince Joseph of Austria. Two arias are composed by Giovanni Battista Sammartini (52).
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March 19, 1753: La pastorale offerta, a serenata by Niccolò Jommelli (38) and Giovanni Battista Sammartini (52) to words of Pascali, is performed for the first time, in the Royal Ducal Palace, Milan, to celebrate the birth of Prince Joseph of Austria.
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August 30, 1753: La clemenza di Tito, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (38) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Stuttgart, under the direction of the composer, for the birthday of Duchess Frederike of Württemberg.
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September 23, 1753: During the Querelle des Bouffons, the opera company of Eustachio Bambini produces two intermezzi in Paris: Gli artigiani arricchiti by Gaetano Latilla (42) to words of Barlocci, and Il paratajo by Niccolò Jommelli (39) to anonymous words.
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November 21, 1753: Niccolò Jommelli (39) signs a contract to become Musikdirektor und Oberkapellmeister for Duke Carl Eugen of Württemberg in Stuttgart. The contract becomes effective on 1 January 1754.
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December 26, 1753: Niccolò Jommelli’s (39) opera seria Bajazette, to words of Piovene, is performed for the first time, in the Royal Theatre, Turin.
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January 1, 1754: Niccolò Jommelli (39) assumes the position of Musikdirektor und Oberkapellmeister to Duke Carl Eugen of Württemberg in Stuttgart.
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January 22, 1754: Don Falcone, an intermezzo by Niccolò Jommelli (39) is performed for the first time, in Teatro Rossi, Bologna.
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August 30, 1754: Catone in Utica, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (39) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Stuttgart.
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February 11, 1755: Pelope, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (40) to words of Verazi, is performed for the first time, at the Ducal Theatre, Stuttgart.
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August 30, 1755: Niccolò Jommelli’s (40) opera seria Enea nel Lazio, to words of Verazi, is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Stuttgart.
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August 30, 1756: The second version of Artaserse, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (41) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Stuttgart.
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February 5, 1757: Creso, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (42) to words of Pizzi, is performed for the first time, in Teatro Argentina, Rome.
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December 18, 1757: Niccolò Jommelli’s (43) opera seria Temistocle to words of Metastasio is performed for the first time, in Teatro San Carlo, Naples.
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January 6, 1758: The third version of Tito Manlio, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (43), is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Stuttgart.
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February 11, 1758: Two works by Niccolò Jommelli (43) are performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Stuttgart, in honor of the Duke’s birthday: the third version of the opera seria Ezio and the serenata L’asilo d’amore both to words of Metastasio.
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February 11, 1759: Nitteti, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (44) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, in the Opera House, Stuttgart, in honor of the Duke Carl Eugen’s birthday.
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February 11, 1760: The second version of Alessandro nell’Indie, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (45) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, at the Stuttgart Opera House, for the birthday of Duke Carl Eugen.
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November 4, 1760: Caio Fabrizio, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (46) to words of Verazi, is performed for the first time, in the Mannheim Hoftheater.
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February 11, 1761: L’Olimpiade, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (46) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, in the Stuttgart Opera House, in honor of the birthday of Duke Carl Eugen.
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November 4, 1761: Niccolò Jommelli’s (47) pastorale L’isola disabitata to words of Metastasio is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Ludwigsburg.
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February 11, 1762: The third version of Semiramide riconosciuta, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (47) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, in Stuttgart Opera House to honor the birthday of Duke Carl Eugen.
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February 11, 1763: The third version of Didone abbandonata, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (48) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, at the Stuttgart Opera House to celebrate the birthday of Duke Carl Eugen of Württemberg.
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February 12, 1763: A Te Deum in D by Niccolò Jommelli (48) is performed for the first time, in Württemberg.
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February 16, 1763: Il trionfo d’amore, a pastorale by Niccolò Jommelli (48) to words of Tagliazucchi, is performed for the first time, on an improvised stage in Ludwigsburg.
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November 4, 1763: Niccolò Jommelli’s (49) pastorale La pastorella illustre to words of Tagliazucchi is performed for the first time, at the Ducal Theatre, Stuttgart.
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February 11, 1764: A third version of Demofoonte, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (49) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, at the Stuttgart Opera House in honor of the birthday of Duke Carl Eugen. See 27 January 1753 and 4 November 1770.
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November 4, 1764: Niccolò Jommelli’s (50) opera seria Il re pastore to words of Metastasio is performed for the first time, for the opening of the new Ducal Theatre in Ludwigsburg.
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January 6, 1765: A revised version of La clemenza di Tito, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (50) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Ludwigsburg.
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May 17, 1765: Zophilette, a pasticcio including music of Baldassare Galuppi (58), Christoph Willibald Gluck (50), Niccolò Jommelli (50), Tommaso Traetta (38), Niccolò Piccinni (37) and Johann Christian Bach (29) to words of Marmontel, is performed for the first time, in Paris.
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November 4, 1765: Niccolò Jommelli’s (51) pastorale Imeneo in Atene, to words after Stampiglia, is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Ludwigsburg. On the same day is performed for the first time, the second version of his Temistocle to words of Metastasio.
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January 6, 1766: The second version of Enea nel Lazio, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (51) to words of Verazi, is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Ludwigsburg.
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February 11, 1766: Niccolò Jommelli’s (51) opera seria Vologeso to words of Verazi is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Ludwigsburg, to celebrate the birthday of Duke Carl Eugen.
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November 4, 1766: Il matrimonio per concorso, an opera buffa by Niccolò Jommelli (52) to words of Martinelli, is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Palace, Ludwigsburg.
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November 4, 1767: Niccolò Jommelli’s (53) serious-comic opera Il cacciatore deluso ovvero La Semiramide in bernesco to words of Martinelli, is performed for the first time, in Tübingen.
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February 11, 1768: Fetonte, an opera seria by Niccolò Jommelli (53) to words of Verazi, is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Ludwigsburg.
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August 15, 1768: Il tre vecchi innamorati, a pasticcio with music by Niccolò Jommelli (53) to words of Martinelli, is performed for the first time, in the Hunting Palace, Grawenech.
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September 22, 1768: Niccolò Jommelli’s (54) serenata L’unione coronata to words of Martinelli is performed for the first time, in an improvised theatre in Schloss Solitude, near Stuttgart.
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December 18, 1768: La schiava liberata, a dramma serio-comico by Niccolò Jommelli (54) to words of Martinelli, is performed for the first time, in the Ducal Theatre, Ludwigsburg.
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March 29, 1769: In official disfavor, Niccolò Jommelli (54) and his ill wife depart Stuttgart for Naples.
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September 9, 1769: One day before his 55th birthday, Niccolò Jommelli writes to the Duke of Württemberg, requesting dismissal.
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May 27, 1770: Leopold (50) and Wolfgang Amadeus (14) Mozart call on Niccoló Jommelli (55) at the Teatro San Carlo where rehearsals for his Armida abbandonata are underway. Wolfgang finds Jommelli gracious and polite.
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May 30, 1770: Armida abbandonata, an opera seria by Nicolò Jommelli (55) to words of de Rogati after Tasso, is performed for the first time, in Teatro San Carlo, Naples. In attendance are Leopold (50) and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Wolfgang (14) describes it as “beautiful, but much too broken up and old-fashioned for the theatre.”
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November 4, 1770: A fourth version of the opera seria Demofoonte by Niccolò Jommelli (56) to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, in Teatro San Carlo, Naples. See 27 January 1753 and 11 February 1764.
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January 26, 1771: A second version of Niccolò Jommelli’s (56) opera seria Achille in Sciro, to words of Metastasio, is performed for the first time, in Teatro della Dame, Rome.
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May 30, 1771: Niccolò Jommelli’s (56) opera seria Ifigenia in Tauride to words of Verazi is performed for the first time, in Teatro San Carlo, Naples. Finished today and hastily prepared, the work is such a complete failure that the embarrassed composer will return his payment.
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August 14, 1771: Niccolò Jommelli (56) suffers a major paralytic stroke in Naples. He survives, and will gradually regain his speech and use of his right arm.
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December 30, 1771: Niccolò Jommelli (57) writes a few lines on a New Year’s greeting written by his brother, the first words he has written since his stroke on August 14.
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September 14, 1772: Cerere placata, a serenata by Niccolò Jommelli (58) to words of Sarcone, is performed for the first time, in the Perrelli Palace, Naples.
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March 30, 1774: A setting of Psalm 50, Miserere by Niccolò Jommelli (59) is performed for the first time, at the home of Saverio Mattei in Naples on the Wednesday of Holy Week. The composer is at the harpsichord.
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August 25, 1774: After a second stroke, Niccolò Jommelli dies in Naples, Kingdom of Sicily, aged 59 years, eleven months and 15 days. His mortal remains will be buried next to those of his wife in the Chapel of San Tommaso da Villanova in the Church of San Agostino della Zecca.
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November 11, 1774: A massive public funeral service in memory of Niccolò Jommelli (†0) takes place in the Church of San Agostino della Zecca, Naples.