A CHRONOLOGICAL VIEW OF WESTERN MUSIC HISTORY IN THE CONTEXT OF WORLD EVENTS

Carlos Gomes

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July 11, 1836: Antônio Carlos Gomes is born in Campinas, Empire of Brazil, the son of Manuel José Gomes, a bandmaster, and Fabiana Maria Jaguari Cardoso.
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September 4, 1861: A noite do castelo, an opera seria by Carlos Gomes (25) to words of Antônio José Fernandes dos Reis, is performed for the first time, at the Teatro Lyrico Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro.
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September 15, 1863: Joana de Flandres, an opera seria by Carlos Gomes (27) to words of de Mendonça, is performed for the first time, in Teatro Lyrico Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro.
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March 19, 1870: Il Guarany, an opera-ballo by Carlos Gomes (33) to words of Scalvini and d’Ormeville after de Alencar, is performed for the first time, in Teatro alla Scala, Milan. It brings him international fame.
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December 16, 1871: Carlos Gomes (35) marries Adelina Peri, a pianist.
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February 16, 1873: Fosca, an opera by Carlos Gomes (36) to words of Ghislanzoni, is performed for the first time, in Teatro alla Scala, Milan. The work is a failure.
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March 21, 1874: Salvator Rosa, an opera seria by Carlos Gomes (37) to words of Ghislanzoni, is performed for the first time, in Teatro Carlo Felice, Genoa.
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July 19, 1876: Il saluto del Brasile by Carlos Gomes (40) is performed for the first time, in Philadelphia.
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March 27, 1879: Maria Tudor, an opera seria by Carlos Gomes (42) to words of Praga after Hugo, is performed for the first time, in Teatro alla Scala, Milan.
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September 27, 1889: Lo schiavo, an opera seria by Carlos Gomes (53) to words of Paravicini, is performed for the first time, in Teatro Lírico, Rio de Janeiro. It is very successful.
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February 21, 1891: Condor, an opera by Carlos Gomes (54) to words of Canti, is performed for the first time, in Teatro alla Scala, Milan.
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October 12, 1892: Colombo, an oratorio by Carlos Gomes (56), is performed for the first time, in Rio de Janeiro, on the 500th anniversary of the landing of Columbus in the New World.
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September 16, 1896: Antônio Carlos Gomes dies of cancer of the tongue in Belém, Republic of the United States of Brazil, aged 60 years, two months and five days.  See 2 July 1905.
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July 2, 1905: Having been transported from Belém, part of the way by the Brazilian Navy, the earthly remains of Carlos Gomes (†8) are laid to rest in Bento Quirino Square in his native city of Campinas beneath a monument designed by Rodolfo Bernardelli.
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July 14, 1959: Heitor Villa-Lobos (72) is awarded the Carlos Gomes (†62) medal in Rio de Janeiro.