A CHRONOLOGICAL VIEW OF WESTERN MUSIC HISTORY IN THE CONTEXT OF WORLD EVENTS

Carl Czerny

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February 21, 1791: Carl Czerny is born in a corner house on Waggasse in Leopoldstadt, Vienna, Archduchy of Austria, the son of Wenzel Czerny, an organist, oboist, singer, piano teacher and repairman, and Maria Ruzitschka. He is baptized today in the church of St. Leopold.
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December 7, 1805: Ludwig van Beethoven (34) writes a testimonial for his student Carl Czerny (14), saying “he has made such extraordinary progress on the pianoforte, exceeding his age of 14 years; in view of this fact, and also because of his admirable memory, he is deemed worthy of all possible assistance.”
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February 11, 1812: The first Vienna performance of the Piano Concerto no.5 “Emperor” by Ludwig van Beethoven (41) takes place, Carl Czerny (20) at the keyboard.
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September 9, 1822: Publication of Die Kunst des Fingersatzes...in einer Sammlung classischer Compositionen by Carl Czerny (31) is announced in the Wiener Zeitung.
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December 1, 1822: Franz Liszt (11), now a piano student of Carl Czerny (31) and a composition student of Antonio Salieri (72), gives his first public concert in the Landständischer Saal, Vienna. Liszt plays the a minor piano concerto of Johann Nepomuk Hummel (44). It is very well received. The Allgemeine Zeitung will call him “a little Hercules...fallen from the clouds.”
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July 29, 1826: Publication of the Neue praktische-methodisch geordnete Clavier-Schule für die Jugend by Carl Czerny (35) is announced in the Wiener Zeitung.
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March 29, 1827: A large crowd gathers around the Schwarzspanierhaus in Vienna where the body of Beethoven lies. Among the spectators are many children, as school has been cancelled for the day. The authorities feel it necessary to call in soldiers to control the large number of people. Inside, nine priests bless the body and a chorale is sung. At 15:00 the procession to the church begins. A military band plays an arrangement of Beethoven’s funeral march from the Piano Sonata op.26. 15-20,000 people watch the procession take one and a half hours to go a little more than a block to Trinity Church of the Minorities. Johann Nepomuk Hummel (48), Carl Czerny (36), and Franz Schubert (30) are among the mourners. A carriage takes the coffin to Währing Cemetery where a funeral oration by Franz Grillparzer is read by Heinrich Anschütz, and the earthly remains of Ludwig van Beethoven are laid to rest.
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April 25, 1827: Piano Trio no.1 op.105 by Carl Czerny (36) is performed for the first time, in Vienna.
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December 17, 1827: Publication of the Fortsetzung des periodischen Werkes: Die Kunst des Fingrsatzes, books 21&22 by Carl Czerny (36) is announced in the Wiener Zeitung.
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August 16, 1828: Publication of Aneiferung zur musikalischen Bildung der Jugend...als unmittelbare Fortsetzung jeder Clavierschule op.163 by Carl Czerny (37) is announced in the Wiener Zeitung.
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April 30, 1829: Publication of Systematische Anweisung zum Fantasieren auf dem Pianoforte op.200 by Carl Czerny (38) is announced in the Wiener Zeitung.
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September 28, 1830: The son of Emperor Franz I of Austria becomes King Ferdinand V of Hungary. A march for the occasion is composed by Carl Czerny (39). Among those participating in the three-day festivities is Felix Mendelssohn (21).
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November 8, 1830: Clara Wieck (11) makes her official debut at the Leipzig Gewandhaus. She plays her variations on an Original Theme and a song, probably Der Traum to words of Tiedge. She also plays Rondo brilliant for piano and orchestra op.101 by Kalkbrenner (45), Variations Brillantes op.23 by Henri Herz (27), and Quartet Concertante for four pianos and orchestra op.230 by Carl Czerny (39).
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July 4, 1834: Publication of Die Schule des Legato und Staccato op.335 by Carl Czerny (43) is announced in the Wiener Zeitung.
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March 12, 1836: Publication of Die Schule des Fugenspiels op.400 for piano by Carl Czerny (45) is announced in Vienna.
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April 12, 1838: Franz Liszt (26) plays some of his music, and that of Czerny (47) at the home of piano maker Conrad Graf in Vienna. There to witness it are Friedrich and Clara Wieck (18) who are extremely, though not universally, impressed. Liszt writes to Marie d’Agoult, “She is a very simple person, entirely preoccupied with her art, but nobly and without childishness. She was flabbergasted when she heard me. Her compositions are truly most remarkable, especially for a woman. They have a hundred times more invention and real feeling than all the past and present fantasies of Thalberg (26)” (Williams, 101)
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September 17, 1838: Publication of Die Schule der Geläufigkeit op.229 by Carl Czerny (47) is announced in the Wiener Zeitung.
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January 19, 1842: An advertisement for a new “Beethoven-Album” for piano by the Vienna music publisher Pietro Mechetti appears in the Wiener Zeitung. Intended to raise money for a monument to Beethoven (†14) in Bonn, Mechetti has secured contributions from many of the most important living composers: Nocturne in E flat op.647 by Carl Czerny (50), L’echo! Scherzo brillant by Frédéric Kalkbrenner (46), 17 Variations sérieuses op.54 by Felix Mendelssohn (32), Prélude in c sharp minor op.45 by Frédéric Chopin (31), Marche funèbre de la Symphonie héroique by Franz Liszt (30), Romance sans paroles op.41/1 by Sigismond Thalberg (30), Wiegenlied op.13/1 by Adolf von Henselt (27), as well as music by Theodor Döhler, Ignaz Moscheles and Wilhelm Taubert.
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June 13, 1857: Carl Czerny (66) draws up his will. He leaves everything to his housekeeper and her brother, the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Wien, and various charitable organizations.
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July 15, 1857: Carl Czerny dies in Vienna, Austrian Empire, aged 66 years, four months and 24 days. His mortal remains will be laid to rest in the Zentralfriedhof, Vienna.